What is Acne? 
Acne is commonly known as pimples. It is a disorder of the skin in which oil glands and hair glands of the skin become inflamed. It most commonly affects teenagers.

Commonly known as: Pimples

What is the function of these oil glands?

  • Oil which is released from the pores of these glands helps in keeping the skin moist.

Why does acne commonly affect teenagers?

  • When a child reaches puberty, a rise in hormone (testosterone) levels occurs. This causes the glands in the skin to produce more oil (sebum). When this oil mixes with dead cells it blocks the skin's pores leading to the formation of acne. Bacterial overgrowth leads to redness and pus formation.

What else can cause acne?

  • Endocrine (hormonal) disorders like Polycystic ovary syndrome.

  • Increased levels of testosterone in the body.

  • It is noteworthy that any activity (repeated face washing) or tight fitting items that cause friction on the skin; worsen the acne.

Location of acne:

  • Acne commonly affects the face. It can also involve the neck and the chest.

The Presentation of Acne:

  • An emotionally distressed teenager or young adult who complains of acne for a few months of a few years.

  • Mild acne presents only with whiteheads or blackheads.

  • A severe form of acne presents with a large number of pimples.

  • Sometimes fluid filled cystic lesions form.

  • Red bumps called as comedones.

What are the symptoms of acne? 

Pimples (some filled with pus). 
These skin eruptions can be painful and, in some cases, spots may become large and tender. These are called nodules and may lead to scarring scars may be raised from the skin surface (keloid scars) or depressed (atrophic scars).

Can acne be prevented?

  • No, but you can prevent it from worsening.

  • Avoid washing your skin too often. At the same time avoid scrubbing it too hard.

  • Wash your skin gently everyday.

  • Avoid oily skin products.

  • Keep your hair off your face.

  • Avoid wearing tight fitting garments.

  • Do not squeeze the pimples.

  • Be very careful about the medication that you use.

  • Seek a Good Dermatologist's opinion whenever in doubt.

Treatment of acne:             

  • For mild forms of acne topical application of formulations of benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.

  • For more severe forms of acne, in addition to the above oral or topical antibiotics, topical or oral retinoids etc. are used.

  • Remember to take the advice of a Good Doctor before any medicines are started.

for more on Acne Treatment click here

for Ten Awesome Home Remedies for Acne click here

Alphabetical Index of Health Topics

If you already know your diagnosis, you may search for the health topic alphabetically here. Hold your cursor over the health topics link in the line below.

Write A Comment


Topic of the Month

Womb Transplant


The new game changer in infertility. Know more about this revolutionary technique.

Continue Reading »

Health Video of the Month

Womb Transplant

Disclaimer: This health video may contain graphic material and viewer discretion is advised.